Symptoms & Diagnosis of Heart Attack
Heart attack is the major cause of death among people aged over 50. While it can attack even the healthiest of persons, the degree of the attack can vary from person to person. Some might experience mild chest pain, while others may experience severe pain, which most people term as “elephant-sitting-on-the-chest.” It is only when the early symptoms are brushed aside that they tend to reoccur and cost the life of a person.
If you fear about getting an attack, then one of the most important things you need to do is not to downplay the early symptoms of heart attack. Whether it’s you or your loved ones, keeping the following points in mind may help you identify and act as fast as possible to the deadly cardio vascular disease.
Symptoms of heart attack
- Chest pain or mild discomfort – The chest pain or discomfort can range from a tight ache to a feel of squeezing at the center of the chest. It can last for a few minutes.
- Upper body pain – Sometimes the pain may spread to your neck, shoulders, back, or arms.Pain in the upper body can occur with or without chest discomfort.
- Shortness of breath – You may find yourself not being able to take a deep breath. Shortness of breath can occur with or without chest pain.
- Heartburn – The chest pain or discomfort may extent to the stomach and abdomen, and that is when the person might experience heartburn, which in most cases occurs at the central part of the chest i.e. right above the stomach.
- Palpitations– Rapid or unsteady heart beat
- Vomiting and Nausea- You may vomit or feel sick.
- The other early signs of heart attack include Dyspnea, Palpitations, fatigue, and excessive sweating.
Now that you’re probably aware of the early symptoms of heart attack, the next thing you need to know is to identify whether a heart attack has really occurred or not.A heart attack can be diagnosed by specialized doctorsafter thoroughly evaluating the patient’s condition using the following processes:
- Physical examination
- Evaluating the patient’s medical history
- Taking blood tests to check for the enzymes in the bloodstream. Note that these blood tests are often called cardiac enzymes or heart damage makers.
- An ECG or EKG test to check for abnormalities in the functioning of the heart
Coronary artery disease (CAD), a type of cardiovascular disease, is one of the commonest symptoms of heart attacks. It blocks the passage of bloodstream through the arteries, thereby causing heart attack.
The diagnostic measures for heart attacks can be classified as invasive and non-invasive. The likely treatment for heart attacks includes two main procedures:
- Coronary Angioplasty/ Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
These are some of the important things you need to know to identify heart attacks. Remember, every heart attack starts with a mild symptom such as chest pain. If at all you experience any of the aforementioned symptoms, do consult your doctor at the earliest. A minute saved is a life saved, and every minute matters.